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Maurice Farman


Maurice Farman was born in 1878. With his brother Henri Farman, he made his first flight in a plane in 1908. The plane they built the following year flew a record distance of 160 km (100 miles). Four years later, the two brothers started their own aviation company at Boulogne-sur-Seine.

Two of the company's planes, the Farman MF-7 and the Farman MF-II, were popular Allied reconnaissance craft during the early stages of the First World War. Other aircraft produced during this period included the Farman HF-20, Farman F-40 and the Farman F-50. In 1917 the Farman brothers built the first long-distance passenger plane, the Goliath. Maurice Farman died in 1958.


Henri Farman

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Henri Farman, (born 1874, Paris, France—died July 18, 1958, Paris), French aviation pioneer and aircraft builder who popularized the use of ailerons, moveable surfaces on the trailing edge of a wing that provide a means of lateral control.

Farman, the son of British citizens living in France, was first a painter, then a racing motorist. With his brother, Maurice Farman, he modified a Voisin pusher biplane, now known as the Voisin-Farman I, and in January 1908 won an important prize for the first circular flight of 1 km (0.6 mile). In 1909 he set a world record for endurance with a flight of 234.3 km (145.59 miles) in the Farman III. In 1912 the Farman brothers established a factory at Boulogne-sur-Seine, where they produced classic pusher biplanes for military and training purposes. The 1914 model was widely employed for reconnaissance and observation.

The Farman company remained an important manufacturer of aircraft following World War I. Farman Airlines used their Goliath aircraft in the first flight between European capitals, from London to Paris on Feb. 8, 1919, and then in the first regular international commercial flights, between Paris and Brussels, beginning on March 22, 1919. Farman became a French citizen in 1937.


Maurice Farman M.F.7



In 1915, when the British Empire forces (mostly Indians and Australians) attacked the Turks in Mesopotamia, they needed aircraft. Or wanted them perhaps it was a matter of national pride, that every modern army ought to have air support. At any rate, the Rajah of Gwalior underwrote the expense of the air contingent – a handful of outdated bombers, among them 2 Maurice Farman M.F. 7s. The desert heat and sand were tough on the Renault engines, and the “Longhorns” spent a lot of time in the shop.

The Farman brothers were two French aviation pioneers, who operated one company, but each freely pursuing his own aircraft designs. Seeing the war clouds gather in Europe, they anticipated and prepared their factory for mass prodction, so that in August 1914, they were one of the few firms that could promptly accept large orders.

By 1914, the Maurice Farman M.F.7 seemed an old-fashioned biplane, with its front elevator, long forward landing skid, kite-like tail box, and pusher motor, but it served both the French and British well enough in the first year of World War One. It got the nickname “Longhorn” from the extended supports for the forward elevator. Operated mainly as an observation craft, it lasted until May 1915, when it was replaced by the M.F.11.

[ad#ad-1]Top Speed: 59 m.p.h.

Manufacturer: Henri & Maurice Farman

Engine: 70 h.p. Renault 8-cylinder inline

Wingspan: 51 feet

Weight: 1,885 lb.

Other sources refer to this aircraft as the S-7.

The following account, of history’s second recorded aerial combat and victory, that took place on October 7, 1914, most likely involved an M.F.7:

On October 7th, the civilian champion Gaubert enlisted voluntarily for the duration of the war, and Captain Blaise, on a Maurice Farman, surprised an enemy aeroplane from behind and flew along about twenty-five yards above it. The passenger, Captain Blaise, fired eight shots from his rifle. The German observer defended himself with a revolver, but the Boche machine soon fell inside its lines. The Deutschen Nachrichten announced soon afterwards that ” Lieutenant Finger, wounded in the course of an aerial combat on October 7, between Metz and Verdun, at an altitude of 2300 meters, died of his wounds October 9. The passenger was wounded in the crash of the machine which was destroyed.”


Maurice Farman - History



























1910 Chronology of Aviation History
Major Aviation Events

1910 Aviation Records

Speed: 68.2-mph, Alfred Leblanc, Blériot XI, 29 October 1910, France

Distance: 363.34-miles, Maurice Tabuteau, Maurice Farman, 30 December 1910, France

Altitude: 10,170-feet, Georges Legagneux, Blériot, 8 December 1910, France

Weight: 2,950-lbs, Samuel Cody, Cody Michelin Cup

Engine Power: 177-hp, Clerget, Double Clerget 4W, France

1910 &mdash First night flights.

1910 &mdash Races between aeroplanes and cars are only won by racing cars.

January &mdash First International Air Races in America. Held at Los Angeles.

January 4 &mdash Leon Delagrange is killed at Pau after wings on Blériot collapse.

January 7 &mdash Frenchman Hubert Latham is the first pilot to climb to 1000 meters.

March 1 &mdash Châlons, France &hellip Henry Farman made the first officially ratified night flight. Farman did this aboard a flying machine garlanded with Chinese paper lanterns attached to the tips of the wings to help him keep his bearings.

March 8 &mdash Paris, France &hellip Frenchwoman Baroness Raymonde de Laroche became the first certificated woman pilot in the world.

March 10 &mdash Emil Aubrun makes the first night flights, in a Blériot Type IX at Villalugano, Argentina.

March 13 &mdash Paul Engelhard makes the first flight in Switzerland, flying a Wright biplane from a frozen lake at St Moritz

March 14 &mdash Louis Paulhan flies 146 km in a straight route from Orleans to Trois.

March 28 &mdash Martigues, France &hellip On this date, for the first time, an airplane took off from water. At the controls of his powered seaplane, the Canard, was Henri Fabre, a 28-year old engineer from Marseilles. This was Fabre's first flight. The flight took place at Lake Berre near Martigues on the Mediterranean.

June 2 &mdash Charles Rolls makes the first successful return flight over the English Channel

June 17 &mdash Romanian engineer and inventor Aurel Vlaicu flies his first airplane, Vlaicu I

July 5 &mdash Bert Pither is reputed to have flown the first metal-framed aircraft at Riverton, New Zealand

July 9 &mdash Frenchman Léon Morane sets a new speed record of 106 km/h.

July 12 &mdash Charles Rolls is killed in a crash at Bournemouth, becoming the first British aviation fatality

September 1910

September 6 &mdash Blanche Stuart Scott makes the first solo airplane flight by a woman in the United States subsequently recognized by the Early Birds of Aviation.

September 10 &mdash Hampshire, England &hellip On this date, Englishman Geoffrey de Havilland, flew his first successful aircraft, de Havilland Nº 2 biplane.

September 11 &mdash Dublin, Ireland &hellip First crossing of the Irish Sea, from Hollyhead, Wales to Dublin, Ireland was made by Robert Loraine in a Farman biplane.

September 16 &mdash Bessica Raiche makes the first solo airplane flight by a woman in the United States to be accredited at the time by the Aeronautical Society of America.

September 23 &mdash French Alps &hellip Georges Chavez made the first aeroplane flight over the Alps in a Blériot monoplane. Tragically, on his final landing approach at about 30 feet, something snapped, and the aircraft fell to the ground. Chavez died several days later due to injuries from the crash.

October 1910

October &mdash Romanian inventor Henri Coanda (1886-1972), built the first thermojet prototype, named the Coanda-1910 he exhibited it at the International Aeronautic Salon in Paris, and tested it at the airport in Issy-les-Moulineaux.

October 2 &mdash The first mid-air collision takes place near Milan. Both pilots survive, but one is badly injured.

October 11 &mdash Theodore Roosevelt becomes the first man who served as U.S. President to fly in an airplane (term ended in 1909).

November 4 &mdash Welshman Ernest Willows makes the first airship crossing from England to France with Willows No. 3 City of Cardiff.

November 14 &mdash USS Birmingham &hellip Curtiss professional test pilot, Eugene Ely, made the first successful take-off from a ship, the light cruiser USS Birmingham. On this flight Ely flew a Curtiss Model D biplane.

December 1910

December 16 &mdash Henri Coanda's plane was the first jet to fly when unexpectedly was airborne when testing the engine.

December 21 &mdash Hélène Dutrieu became the first winner of the Coupe Femina (Femina Cup) for a non-stop flight of 167 kilometers in 2 hours 35 minutes

  1. Gunston, Bill, et al. Chronicle of Aviation. Liberty, Missouri: JL Publishing Inc., 1992. 14-17
  2. Parrish, Wayne W. (Publisher). "United States Chronology". 1962 Aerospace Yearbook, Forty-Third Annual Edition. Washington, DC: American Aviation Publications, Inc., 1962, 446-469.
  3. Wikipedia, 1910 in aviation
  4. Shupek, John (photos and card images), The Skytamer Archive. Skytamer.com, Whittier, CA

Copyright © 1998-2018 (Our 20 th Year) Skytamer Images, Whittier, California
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED


Maurice Farman - History

The Farman Sport was designed and built 1919 by Henry and Maurice Farman Brothers of Paris, France. In US, Wallace Kellett and C. T. Ludington formed Ludington Exhibition Company 1922 to promote sale of Farman aircraft and received their first aircraft, the Farman Sport, spring 23. Imported 10 or more 1923-4. Hired Robert P. Hewitt to fly it, and he remained with them many years. Their literature described Sport as follows:

"The "Sport-Farman" was produced by Messrs. H. and M. Farman in 1919 to meet the demand for a low priced, economical, safe airplane for sport and light commercial purposes, which, being especially constructed for these purposes, should show far greater efficiency than the old military machines, rapidly becoming obsolete for use in commercial and pleasure flying. The remarkable performance record and characteristics of this little 'plane, already flown thousands of miles, and perfected in every detail, prove it absolutely unique and alone in its class as the most practical airplane in existence today for the ex-army flier, the civilian pilot, the sportsman, the business man desiring recreation, the oil man, real estate man or miner. It can be used for passenger carrying, photographic work, taxi service, and any of the hundreds of other ways in which a small machine may be employed. No other airplane approaches its hitherto unheard-of flying qualities." It sold for $4,850 and carried the pilot and 1 passenger.


Maurice Farman

French aviator who helped build the European aviation industry. The Farman brothers, Maurice and Henri, built several successful airplanes, claiming to have developed them independently of the Wright brothers. The Farman airplanes quickly became among the most popular in Europe, and, between the two brothers, over 300 airplanes rolled forth in 1912 alone.

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Maurice Farman -->

Farman startował w samochodzie Panhard w 1901 roku, kiedy wygrał wyᖼig Grand Prix du Sud-Ouest, bᆝၜy pierwszym wyᖼigiem, w którym użyto członu „Grand Prix”. Wyᖼig ten jest organizowany do dziś jako Grand Prix Pau. Rok później Francuz wygrał Circuit du Nord – wyᖼig z Pary៊ do Arras i z powrotem.

Ze swoim bratem Henrim Maurice odbył pierwszy lot o długoᖼi ponad 1 kilometra w 1908 roku nieopodal Pary៊. Rok później zbudował swój pierwszy samolot, który był modyfikacją Voisina. Wspólnie z bratem założyli firmę Farman Aviation Works. W 1917 roku razem wyprodukowali pierwszy długodystansowy samolot pasa៎rski Goliath. Jego linie lotnicze Farman Lines były prekursorem Air France.


Maurice Farman -->

Maurice Alain Farman (21. bᖞzna 1877 – 25. února 1964) byl francouzský automobilový závodník, letec, konstruktér a výrobce letadel. Narodil se v Paříži anglickým rodičům. Maurice Farman a jeho bratři Richard Farman a Henri Farman byli důležitými průkopníky evropského letectví.

Maurice a jeho bratr Henri se nejprve stali ᘚmpióny v tandemové cyklistice. Maurice poté zaლl závodit s automobilem Panhard, se kterým v roce 1901 vyhrál Grand Prix de Pau, první závod, který byl kdy nazýván Velkou cenou. V květnu 1902 zvítězil v závodě Circuit du Nord z Paří៮ do Arrasu a zpět. Ve stejném roce se také úლstnil závodu z Paří៮ do Vໝně, ve kterém zvítězil Marcel Renault.

Brzy nato se soust𕧭il na motorové létání a v roce 1909 vytvořil 𕦭u vytrvalostnໜh a rychlostnໜh rekordů. Zaლl také se stavbou nov࿜h typů letadel. Například Japonsko licenčně vyrobilo několik jeho letounů, které sloužily z nosiპ hydroplánů Wakamija Maru. Tyto letouny provedly 5. září 1914, v pr᛻ěhu bitvy o Tsingtao, první nálet námořnໜh letounů v historii. V roce 1912 Maurice Farman spojil svou firmu s továrnou svého bratra Henriho, aby tak vytvořil důležitého leteckého výrobce Farman.


• Royal Flying Corps •

The following table lists the Maurice Farman aircraft (with Renault engines) operated by the RFC.

French manufactures issued each aircraft with a construction number, which in most cases ran sequentially commencing at 1.

In addition a further sequential 'series number' was issued, commencing at 1 for the first aircraft of each series. Similar types were considered to be one series: for example the Morane L and Morane LA were both considered to be the 'L' series.

French military aircraft also received a military serial or SFA (Service des Fabrications de l'Aviation) which was shown on the tail of the aircraft, prefixed by a letter code indicating the manufacturer, 'MF' being used for Maurice Farman.

The system caused much confusion to the RFC and as a result the available records do not allow a complete cross-reference of RFC serials to French identities.

The table includes only French-built and miscellaneous aircraft acquired after the start of the war,and excludes the large number of Farman aircraft manufactured in the UK under licence by the Aircraft Manufacturing Co. ('Airco') and machines purchased pre-war.


La Conquete de I'Air

The marque's mascot, introduced in 1922, was a large figure of Icarus called "La Conquete de I'Air", being a reproduction of a sculpture by Colin George commemorating the first winged flight of Santos-Dumont. The advertising slogan of the company was "Une automobile route, la Farman glisse . " (A car rolls, the Farman glides . . .). The make did not cover itself with glory in sporting events. A Farman took part in the Circuit des Routes Pavees in 1922 without setting the Seine on fire, while in 1923 two specially built streamlined lightweight cars, one open and the other closed, were entered for the Nice Speed Trials. It is not clear if, in fact,they participated in these trials or, indeed, in any competitive activities.

The Farman seems to have been a rather glorious failure. Every enthusiast admired it, and the motoring press was full of praise for the brilliance of its engineering, but very, very few people were prepared to buy it. Henry Farman died in 1958 and Maurice Farman in 1964. Henry lived in France all his life but did not adopt French nationality until 1937. He became a Commander of the Legion of Honour, the order founded by Napoleon. Rather strangely, his entry in Who's Who, worded by himself, made no mention of his activities as a manufacturer of luxury cars. Maybe this was because his cars failed to match the esteem earned by his aircraft.


A 6597cc 37.2hp Farman photographed at the 1919 Motor Show.